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Featured Lumber: Douglas Fir

Featured Lumber: Douglas Fir

Why are we so excited to talk about Douglas Fir wood this month? Because it provides the basis for so many construction projects! Douglas Fir is named after David Douglas, a botanist, who brought attention to the potential of this great lumber. Bet you didn’t know that!

The Douglas Fir is also referred to as the Douglas Spruce and Oregon Pine, but it is neither a pine nor a spruce tree! It is a coniferous tree and keeps its needlelike leaves, exuding the appearance of a spruce or pine. As a conifer, it produces seeds inside of its cones, not in flowers. There are many wildlife animals that rely on these seeds for its food source.

Grown in the western region of the United States, the Douglas Fir is a top producer of lumber used in construction throughout the country. Here are some properties and facts of this wood:

  • As a finish, painting is preferred over staining. It does not stain well due to its low resin levels.
  • It is naturally decay resistant; ideal for boat decking and house framing.
  • It can grow to a height of 70 ft.
  • Strong, stable wood that grows very quickly. So, reforestation is attainable. It is not in danger of extinction.
  • Low cost per square foot which fits into contractor’s budgets.
  • Used mainly as framing and structural in construction; also used to make furniture, railroad ties, and telephone poles
  • Coarse texture so working it with hand tools can be difficult.
  • Light brown in color with a reddish tint. Grains are normally straight when quatersawn
  • Popular as Christmas Trees
  • Two types: Coast Douglasfir and the Rocky Mountain Douglasfir. They are categorized based on their geographical location. The Rocky Mountain Douglasfir is a bit smaller in size than its counterpart.
  • State tree of Oregon
  • It is a Softwood, meaning it has needles and cones. Do not mistake this for hardiness. The Douglas Fir is a very strong wood.
  • Mature trees have a very thick bark that can help it stand up to wildfires

Here at Shell Lumber, our Douglas Fir beams are S4S, meaning that they are surfaced on all 4 sides. We also have many widths and length of both boards and beams. Come in with your project plans to our Lumber Department and we’ll help you find what you need. Shell Lumber is located at 2733 S.W. 27th Avenue Miami, Florida 33133, visit us online at or give us a call locally at 305-856-6401 or Toll Free 800-621-6391.


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